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What can I do about tinnitus?

More than every second of the German population has already perceived and experienced a tinnitus in the course of life. Have you also had experiences with it? Chronic tinnitus has already been recorded in 20% of the population. On average, it lasts longer than three months. Especially between the age of 40 and 50 the symptoms start. With us you learn everything about tinnitus: causes, forms, symptoms and methods of treatment.

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The buzzing in your ears can be either rhythmic or constant. As a sufferer, you experience these symptoms at different volumes. There may be other secondary symptoms besides this as an accompanying symptom. Accompanying symptoms are:

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  • Disturbances in concentration
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  • Headaches
  • Sleep problems

Different forms of tinnitus

The tinnitus can occur in you in different forms. It is distinguished as follows:

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  • Acute
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  • Lens
  • subjective

Most cases of tinnitus involve the subjective form. In the subjective form, there is a defect in the processing at the points of transmission of the sound and the sensation of the sound itself.

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Dysfunction can occur in the area of the middle ear up to the cortex. When damping is deficient, sound pressure is increased. Through the small muscles in the middle ear, the ringing in the ears or tinnitus occurs.

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Chronic or acute tinnitus

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With chronic or acute tinnitus, you hear a very unpleasant ringing in the ears that can occur quite suddenly. This noise lasts up to three months. A chronic tinnitus, on the other hand, compared to acute tinnitus, is ear noise that lasts longer than three months. Chronic therefore means permanent. The decisive factor is also whether the quality of life is almost not or partially restricted. In this case, a distinction is again made between compensated and uncompensated tinnitus.

A spontaneous improvement or cure of the symptoms often occurs with acute tinnitus. If the ringing in the ears persists for a longer period of time, the risk that it will become a chronic disease also increases.

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The subjective tinnitus

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There are very many different possibilities and causes for a subjective tinnitus. Very often, a ringing in the ears is heard when there is a foreign body in the ear. The same applies to typical diseases, such as otitis media. In addition to these typical diseases, stress can also lead to subjective tinnitus. The same applies to a hearing loss or a hearing loss, which can accompany the tinnitus.

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What are the symptoms of subjective tinnitus?

  • Ear infections
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  • Foreign bodies in the ear canal
  • Bacterial and viral infections
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  • Sonic trauma
  • Middle ear disease with disturbance of sound transmission
  • Diving accidents
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  • Hearing loss
  • Autoimmune disease of the inner ear
  • A tumor
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  • Stress
  • Hardness
  • Cervical spine
  • problems.
  • Problems with the dental jaw

Objective tinnitus

In an objective tinnitus, the ear noises can also be heard and perceived, or measured, by the examining person. Only in this case we talk about an objective tinnitus. Compared to a subjective tinnitus, however, the objective tinnitus occurs relatively rarely.

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  • Acute dysfunction in the Eustachian tube
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  • Tension in the middle ear
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  • Flow-through sounds in the arteries that can be heard
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  • Breath sounds in the ear
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The causes of tinnitus

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It has been only partially clarified, what can actually be the reasons for the development of a subjective tinnitus. A possible cause may also be certain medications that affect the auditory nerve. If the ears are healthy, an electrical impulse occurs spontaneously in the areas of the nerves. The talk is about a so-called spontaneous activity.

This then changes when the sound hits the ear. As a result, sound information is transmitted to the brain. However, when there is an impairment of the auditory nerve, there is an impact on spontaneous activity. This activity then arrives diminished, or altered over time. If the spontaneous activity deviates, this may cause a subjective tinnitus. However, the tinnitus can also arise in the brain.

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If the tinnitus originates in the brain, it is called central tinnitus. The information is transmitted incorrectly. The transmission path is between the hair cells in the ear and the brain itself. If there are disturbances in this transmission path, this can lead to tinnitus.

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Stress, however, is the main trigger for tinnitus. When you suffer from stress, your body reacts to it in a variety of ways. For example, the hormone called cortisone is released. This release causes your blood vessels to constrict. This affects and impairs blood flow. As a result, the small blood vessels or so-called capillaries are also affected. These are also located in your inner ear. The process leads to vascular occlusion. Then the inner ear is no longer supplied with enough blood. So far, however, it has not been definitively clarified how the tinnitus is caused by stress.

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Does a hearing aid help with tinnitus?

More than 50% percent of people who have tinnitus experience hearing loss at the same time. The quality of life can be significantly improved with a hearing aid. The hearing loss can be compensated with the hearing aid. This helps you to better perceive sounds from the outside. Best you combine the hearing aid with a so-called Tinnitus Noiser.

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That is why many people with ringing in the ears rely on a hearing aid with such an integrated tinnitus noiser for therapy. This is a technical addition to the hearing aid itself. In this way, the tinnitus can be treated in a particularly targeted manner. The principle of distraction is applied.

The hearing aid provides soothing positive sound impressions. These replace the negative sound of tinnitus. As a wearer of such a hearing aid, you can choose from numerous different pleasant sounds.

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The sound always remains quieter than the tinnitus in comparison. Thus, the brain can learn again that it focuses on the sounds of the environment. The wearer no longer fixates on the ear noises or only a little. The brain can learn on the basis of this therapy to get used to the sounds and fades them out after a certain time.

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The number of tinnitus patients worldwide is relatively high. Therefore, many hearing aid manufacturers have specialized in this problem. You have the choice of many models from well-known manufacturers. Do you need a hearing aid with such technology? You are very welcome to contact us with your tinnitus problem. Contact us for this, because we are particularly customer-oriented to help you.

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Hearing loss and tinnitus

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Numerous people who have tinnitus suffer from hearing loss at the same time. Studies on therapy and ringing in the ears have found that nearly 95% of all patients with tinnitus also have hearing loss. Bilateral hearing loss is present in 89% of patients. Only 5% of patients have impaired hearing.

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It has not yet been determined whether hearing loss can lead to tinnitus. However, damaged hearing is believed to be a direct cause of tinnitus. Many people who have had hearing loss for a long time also have chronic tinnitus. The hearing aid is therefore an adequate method for you to treat your hearing loss on the one hand and prevent tinnitus on the other.

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How is a subjective hearing test done?

Your ear, nose and throat doctor will check how you can perceive sound with your ears during a subjective hearing test. As a patient, you sit in a specially soundproofed room. You put on headphones for this test. The hearing test is then carried out using various tones and frequencies. By pressing a button, you can signal as soon as you can hear a sound. So your ear, nose and throat doctor can detect hearing loss and draw conclusions about the possible presence of tinnitus.

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What do otoacoustic emissions mean?

These are active sound emissions. These radiations emanate from the inner ear. Often such radiations are present, but they are not really perceived. They arise from the mechanical movement of the hair sensory cells in the outer area.

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A distinction is made between evoked otoacoustic and spontaneous immissions. The measurement is performed using objective audiometry. This tests the function of the outer hair sensory cells. In this way, a possible clinically relevant hearing disorder can be deduced. For this, a small probe is inserted into your external auditory canal.

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The diagnosis of tinnitus

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You should see your ear, nose and throat doctor if you hear tinnitus for a period of one to three days. So that this can be detected, your ear, nose and throat doctor usually proceeds as follows:

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You will be asked some questions about your complaints, so that the cause can be determined and clarified. Now your ear canal and drum will be examined using an ear mirror and a magnifying glass with a light. Possible damage to the ear may be detected and identified. Also, your doctor will examine your nasal cavity and throat. Usually a hearing test, or what is called an audiogram, is made. Subsequently, the factors that are important for the tinnitus are evaluated. Summary for the diagnosis:

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  • Ear noise analysis
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  • subjective hearing test
  • Examination of the nose, ears, and throat
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  • Test for balance disorders
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  • Noise output of the inner ear is tested
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  • Objective hearing test
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  • Magnetic resonance tomography
  • Blood examination
  • Computed tomography of the skull
  • Jaw and cervical spine are examined
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What forms of therapy are available for tinnitus?

As for the forms of therapy for tinnitus, it always depends on what causes it. Therefore, there are different known types of treatment. These can be:

  • Behavioral therapy approaches
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  • Auditory stimulation
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  • electrical brain stimulation
  • Magnetic brain stimulation
  • Medicinal procedures
  • Physiotherapy

If the tinnitus is acute, treatment with vitamin preparations, as well as cortisone and magnesium, is given immediately. Local anesthetics are administered intravenously. Everything depends on the extent of tinnitus and its cause. That is why the therapy can also be in tablet form or infusion.

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Music therapy for tinnitus

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Research has shown that music therapy can be helpful for tinnitus. Through this use, tinnitus can be reduced to a buzzing sound. It is believed that tinnitus occurs because certain frequencies are missing, which can no longer be heard by the patient.

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A sustainable and successful therapy can be achieved through appropriate relaxation exercises. Successes have already been achieved, which are proven by magnetic resonance imaging.

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After a successful music therapy you feel the tinnitus is no longer so agonizing. Still, it makes sense for you to improve your quality of life with a hearing aid. In addition, you can increase your chances of getting rid of the tinnitus. This is especially useful in the case of concomitant hearing loss.

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When tinnitus occurs in old age

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In Germany, there are 14 million people who suffer from hearing loss. A tinnitus have between ten and 15% of the German population. However, the tinnitus is not limited to a special age range. Tinnitus can also develop in a child. However, the majority of patients with tinnitus are between 50 and 80 years of age. Ear noise is more often found in women than in men. But in recent years, many cases of young adults and teenagers have also been detected. Thus, tinnitus is occurring more and more frequently. In young people, too much noise at music concerts or loud music consumption can be the reason.

How can I prevent tinnitus?

Because there are different reasons for the development of a tinnitus, the preventive measures are also difficult to define. The best thing you should do is to avoid damage caused by noise. Avoid various noise nuisances and provide adequate hearing protection. In addition, you should avoid or reduce stress at all costs. Therefore, pay attention to an optimized time management and make sure you have enough buffer time in between. Never forget your relaxation exercises. A healthy and balanced diet is highly recommended in addition to active stress management. This will give you more energy and master everyday life efficiently.

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Contact your ear, nose and throat doctor immediately if you notice acute ringing in the ears. Thus, a short-term therapy can be initiated. This is usually done through medication. In this way, long-term problems and damage can be prevented. It is also recommended regular examinations at your ear, nose and throat doctor, as well as expert examinations on suspicion. So the tinnitus can be detected and treated as early as possible in time.

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Acousticians with quality

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You are welcome to contact us on the subject of hearing aids and tinnitus, because we shine with experience and customer satisfaction. If you have any questions, please feel free to call us or send us an e-mail. We advise you without obligation and seriously on the subject of hearing aids and better hearing.

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Also on the subject of tinnitus and hearing aids, you are exactly right with us. If necessary, we explain different hearing aids and models. If you have questions about health insurance subsidies and more, you are welcome to contact us

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